Please see my wiki for a comprehensible version of this post.
I was pretty pleased that I factored a recent Composite of the day entirely in the complex plane.
The number was 9509, which I noticed immediately is 97²+10². Since I know Fermat's little theorem,
and I know that the Composite of the day is composite, I knew there
should be another way to write it as the sum of two squares. A little
bit of counting (100+193+191) showed that it is also equal to 95²+22².
For some reason, I know that if I use those two summations to write
complex integers with modulus 9509, their greatest common factor will
also divide 9509.
So I said, (97+10i) - (95+22i) = 2-12i. The modulus of that is
2²+12²=148. The factors of 2 must be irrelevant (since the Cotd is odd),
so 37 should be the number we're looking for.
Similarly, (97-10i) - (95+22i) = 2-32i. The modulus of that is 1048.
Again, discarding factors of 2, we're left with the prime 257.
And the number is now factored, by finding complex
integers with the right modulus and manuipulating them in the complex
Pretty wild, huh?